Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) means a damage of the unborn child during pregnancy by excessive alcohol abuse of the mother (ICD10: P04.4), first described in 1968 by P. Lemaine in France. The toxic encephalophatic changes are leading to a retarded mental development of the child. Furthermore, the children can suffer with the birth at a growth deficiency as well as a too small head. Within the face region, at the arms and legs as well as the genital organs are often remarkablenesses to be determined. The newborn childs are attractionable and sleep badly, because they suffer from alcohol withdrawal syndromes.
In the 3rd to 4th year of life a dementia (dementia infantilis, a disturbance of development and linguistic) will be possible.