International Classification of Deseases, 10 Edition. The group F10 describes mental disorders and behavioral disturbances caused by alcohol.
- F10.0 acute intoxication
- State after alcohol consumption with disturbance of consciousness, which is directly related to the acute pharmacological effect, and until full recovery decreases with time, except for cases in which tissue damage or other complications (delir, coma, etc.).
- F10.1 malicous use
- health damage by alcohol consumption (eg depressive episodes after massive alcohol consumption).
- F 10.2 dependency syndrome
- Group of behavioral, cognitive and physical phenomena after repeated use. Strong demand for alcohol consumption, difficulties in control, tolerance development.
- F10.3 withdrawal syndrome
- Group of different kinds of symptoms and severity of alcohol withdrawal at the time with limited duration.
- F10.4 withdrawal symptoms with delir
- Delirium tremens
- F10.5 Psychotic disorder
- Hallucinogen perceptual disturbances, psychomotoric impairment (alcohol halluzinosis, alcoholic paranoia, alcohol psychosis).
- F10.6 Amnestic Syndrome
- Impairment of short - and long-term memory and sense of time. Difficulties in learning, confabulations. Korsakov syndrome.
- F10.7 rest condition and delayed-onset psychotic disorder
- Changes in cognitive abilities, the personality and behavior over the period beyond the influence of the substance (such as alcohol dementia).
- F10.8 other mental and behavioral disorders
- F10.9 non closer designated mental and behavioral disorders
For the diagnosis of alcohol dependence (F10.2) is usually a set of 8 criteria (IFT98), or 6 criteria (WHO97) necessary. Fulfillment of at least 3 criteria means alcohol dependence. They are statistically heaped a reduced ability to control and tolerance development in appearance.
- a strong desire or a kind of compulsion to consume alcohol
- a reduced ability to control regarding the beginning, the end and quantity of alcohol consumption
- alcohol consumption with the aim of withdrawal to alleviate symptoms and the corresponding positive experience
- a physical withdrawal syndrome
- evidence of tolerance, originally caused by low-dose effect, increasingly higher doses are required for consumers without development of tolerance to severe damage, or even lead to death.
- a resticted behavior in alcohol consuption, like the tendency of drinking alcohol on weekdays as on weekends and the ignoring the rules of normal socially drinkingt.
- advancing pleasure and neglection of other interests.
- sustained alcohol consumption, despite clear evidence of harmful consequences.
Last Update: 11/19/2010 - IMPRINT - FAQ