2-Oxopropionic acid, Acetylformic acid, C3H4O3 M 88,06 g/Mol
Pyruvic acid is a liquid with a smell similar to acetic acid, whose derivatives are called Pyruvates. As α-Keto acid it has a central meaning as intermediate in the biological metabolism, especially in the alcoholic fermentation under anaerobic conditions.
In the body Pyruvic acid results from breaking down of glucose in a so-called glycolyse reaction, whereby additionally ATP and NADH are formed. For the further metabolism there are several possibilities:
with sufficient oxygen (aerobe conditions) Acetyl Coenzyme A is formed, which leads to further ATP and NADH in the so-called Citrat Cyclus
- as reversal of the glycolyse glucose can be reformed
- by transamination the synthesis of the amino acid alanine occurs
- under anaerobic conditions, in plants, mushrooms and some micro organisms ethanol is formed over the intermediate stage of acetaldehyde (ethanal)
- in the animal organism in presence of Lactat Dehydrogenase and NADH Lactic acid is formed
With toxic cell damages Pyruvic acid is concentrated in serum and urine.
Last Update: 11/04/2010 - IMPRINT - FAQ