Scheme of Alkanols

German Version

primary straight-chained Alkanols
CH3-OH CH3-CH2-OH CH3-CH2-CH2-OH CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2-OH
Methanol Ethanol 1-Propanol 1-Butanol
Boiling point raises with growing lenght of the unpolar carbonhydrogen chain, solubility in water decreased.

Isomeric Alkanols
CH3-CH2-CH2-OH
1-Propanol (primary A., Hydrocarbon:Propane) 2-Propanol (secondary A., Hydrocarbon:Propane)
CH3-CH2-CH2-CH2-OH
1-Butanol (primary A., Hydrocarbon:Butane) Isobutanol (primary A., Hydrocarbon:Isobutane) 2-Butanol (secondary A., Hydrocarbon:Butane) tert.Butanol (tertiary A., Hydrocarbon:Isobutane)

chiralic Alkanols
(R)-1,3-Butandiol (S)-1,3-Butandiol